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Back Massage

Back Pain

Back pain is a common reason for absence from work and for seeking medical treatment. It can be uncomfortable and debilitating.

The human back is composed of a complex structure of muscles, ligaments, tendons, disks, and bones, which work together to support the body and enable us to move around.

The segments of the spine are cushioned with cartilage-like pads called disks.

Problems with any of these components can lead to back pain. In some cases of back pain, its cause remains unclear.

Damage can result from strain, medical conditions, and poor posture, among others

Back Pain Causes


Back pain is consistently caused by strain, tension, or injury. Usual causes of back pain are:

  • strained muscles or ligaments

  • a muscle spasm

  • muscle tension

  • damaged disks

  • injuries, fractures, or falls

Activities that can lead to strains or spasms include:

  • lifting something improperly

  • lifting something that is too heavy

  • making an abrupt and awkward movement

Image by Jesper Aggergaard

Structural problems

  • Ruptured disks: Each vertebra in the spine is cushioned by disks. If the disk ruptures there will be more pressure on a nerve, resulting in back pain.

  • Bulging disks: In much the same way as ruptured disks, a bulging disk can result in more pressure on a nerve.

  • Sciatica: A sharp and shooting pain travels through the buttock and down the back of the leg, caused by a bulging or herniated disk pressing on a nerve.

  • Arthritis: Osteoarthritis can cause problems with the joints in the hips, lower back, and other places. In some cases, the space around the spinal cord narrows. This is known as spinal stenosis.

  • Abnormal curvature of the spine: If the spine curves in an unusual way, back pain can result. An example is scoliosis, in which the spine curves to the side.

  • Osteoporosis: Bones, including the vertebrae of the spine, become brittle and porous, making compression fractures more likely.

  • Kidney problems: Kidney stones or kidney infection can cause back pain.

Woman Working from Home
Movement and posture
  • Adopting a very hunched sitting position when using computers can result in increased back and shoulder problems over time.

  • Back pain can also result from some everyday activities or poor posture.

  • Examples include:

  • twisting

  • coughing or sneezing

  • muscle tension

  • over-stretching

  • bending awkwardly or for long periods

  • pushing, pulling, lifting, or carrying something

  • standing or sitting for long periods

  • straining the neck forward, such as when driving or using a computer

  • long driving sessions without a break, even when not hunched

  • sleeping on a mattress that does not support the body and keep the spine straight

Back Pain
Neck Pain
Compressed Nerves
Disc Herniation
Headaches and Migraines
Sports Injuries
Repetitive Strain Injuries
Ligament Sprains
Muscle Sprains
Posture Disorders
TMJ/Jaw Pain
Spinal Adjustment
Kinesiology Tape
Sports Massage
Scar Tissue Release
Muscle Energy Technique
Laser/Infrared Therapy
Dry Needling
IASTM (Gua-Sha)
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